There have been a few different protocols over the years, one of which is RICE.
Research suggests that there are several different protocols that can be effective in lowering inflammation and speeding up the recovery of an injury.
In some cases, ice and heat are not sufficient. If an injury has become infected or it’s extremely painful, you might need to go to the doctor to get some over-the-counter medications. Your doctor may provide you with a more specific treatment protocol alongside your medications.
Depending on the time of injury you have sustained, you may be better off following a specific treatment protocol. But the question remains ‘do I use ice or heat?’
Let’s answer this question and more so that you will know exactly what to do next time you get hurt.
For Acute Injuries
If you have an acute injury (one that has occurred very quickly and is under six weeks old), you should avoid using heat on the area. This is especially important within the first few days of the injury.
Applying a heat pack may make the area even more inflamed and sore than it already is. It could even worsen the injury. However, in some cases, alternating between ice and heat might be more beneficial for your specific injury. This is something that your healthcare professional will be able to discuss with you.
So, if you have an acute injury, the best thing to do is grab an ice pack or a frozen bag of peas and gently press it against the injured area. The ice-cold temperature will cause the blood vessels in the area to constrict, which reduces inflammation and bruising.
Although applying ice might feel slightly painful or unenjoyable in comparison to a heat pack, it’s the better option in the long run!
For Chronic Injuries
For injuries that you have had for more than six weeks, it becomes chronic. At this stage, you can use heat.
Using heat will help to increase blood flow into the area and reduce inflammation and tenderness. The heat will also help your muscles to relax, which reduces tension in the muscles and joints.
Because heat lowers the levels of swelling in the area around the injury, it can increase joint mobility and make it easier for you to continue moving around as much as possible. However, it’s important not to start doing anything too strenuous with the joint if it is still slightly swollen and tender.
What Else Can You Do For Injuries?
Alongside using ice and heat packs, you may be prescribed a gentle exercise program or a series of stretches to do each day. Regular movement can help to improve blood circulation to the area and this can promote a faster recovery.